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ld castles. Pe­arls of the Mid­dle Ages. Wit­nes­ses of the past, ro­man­tic and full of mys­te­ries, ha­ve been at­trac­ting hu­man eye­sight and arou­sing e­mo­tions for a long time. Re­gar­dless of whe­ther they we­re ri­sing on inac­ces­si­ble hills or oc­cu­py­ing low­land me­a­dows a­mong muds or ri­ver flood­plains, they in­va­ria­bly in­flu­en­ced hu­man ima­gi­na­tion. So­me we­re in­tro­du­ced to the ir­ra­tio­nal world, so dif­fe­rent from the eve­ry­day and or­der­ly li­ves of or­di­nary pe­o­ple. For ot­hers, it brought to mind me­mo­ries of the splen­dour of the col­lap­sed walls and cas­tle buil­dings, which u­sed to be eit­her po­wer­ful ro­yal for­tres­ses or the seats of ex­cel­lent knightly fa­mil­ies of his­to­ri­cal Po­land.

oday, these buil­dings are a ma­ter­ial le­ga­cy of ar­chi­tec­tu­re, a proof of the rich­ness of the past, a re­a­son for great pride. Of­ten ru­ined, aban­do­ned, func­tio­nal­ly use­less, they now play the ro­le of un­ques­tio­na­ble dis­tin­gui­shing fe­a­tu­res of the cul­tu­ral land­scape, an­chors of me­mo­ry strength­ening the feeling of lo­cal, re­gio­nal and na­tio­nal iden­ti­ty. So­me of these won­der­ful me­men­to­es of the past ha­ve been ta­ken ca­re of by the Po­lish Sta­te or its ci­ti­zens, so­me of them li­ve in the con­scious­ness of mil­lions, they be­co­me a des­ti­na­tion for thou­sands and a sym­bol wit­hout which it would be dif­fi­cult to ima­gi­ne the his­to­ri­cal ima­ge of our count­ry. Ot­hers we­re less for­tu­­na­te. De­pri­ved of ca­re, sha­me­ful­ly hid­den a­mong the gree­ne­ry of old parks and gar­dens, they stand des­tro­yed and for­got­ten, je­alou­sly guar­ding sec­rets that few of us ha­ve ever known.

That website is trying to change it.


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he publishing mar­ket, rich in cas­tle li­te­ra­tu­re and nu­me­rous web­si­tes and pu­bli­ca­tions, tes­ti­fy to the great so­cial in­te­rest in this ty­pe of to­pics. This does not sur­pri­se me. Cas­tles and their ru­ins ha­ve ce­ased to be the do­main of his­to­rians or groups of en­thus­iasts. To­day, they oc­cu­py an ex­po­sed pla­ces on maps and in gui­de­books, be­co­ming the des­ti­na­tion of in­cre­a­sing num­bers of tou­rists re­dis­co­ve­ring the charms of be­au­ti­ful Po­lish land­sca­pes.

reparing the texts I wanted to meet your ex­pec­ta­tions. Ho­we­ver, I do not want to co­py the so­lu­tions al­re­ady ex­ist­ing - bre­a­king with the ge­ne­ral sche­me tre­a­ting the sub­ject in an en­cyc­lo­pa­e­dic way and re­qui­ring the re­a­der to pre­pa­re in a gi­ven field, I want to com­bi­ne the ca­re for the pre­ser­va­tion of his­to­rical truth with fun­ctio­na­li­ty im­por­tant for un­der­stan­ding by a wi­de au­dien­ce, so that the con­tent pu­blis­hed he­re can meet the ex­pec­ta­tions of the re­a­der at dif­fe­rent a­ges, re­gar­dless of his know­led­ge and edu­ca­tion. Cre­a­ting this web­side I feel res­pon­si­ble for cre­a­ting at­ti­tu­des and de­ve­lo­ping his­to­ri­cal con­scious­ness.


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assure you that you will not find here, dear user, min­dles­sly co­pied books. I used li­te­ra­tu­re, of cour­se, wit­hout it this pa­ge would ne­ver ha­ve been cre­a­ted, but I tried to en­rich the con­tent of ma­ny pu­bli­ca­tions with in­for­ma­tion ac­qui­red from ex­pe­rien­ce. Apart from his­to­ri­cal facts, short bio­gra­phies and ba­sics of ar­chi­tec­tu­re, I de­ci­ded to pre­sent the cur­rent si­tu­a­tion of cas­tles, their le­gal sta­tus, pos­si­bi­li­ties of vi­si­ting them, cu­rio­si­ties, le­gends and ad­di­tio­nal at­trac­tions or lack the­re­of, as well as a brief des­crip­tion of how to reach them. I ha­ve per­so­nal­ly vi­si­ted each of the cas­tles des­cri­bed on this web­site at least on­ce, which should gua­ran­tee a sa­tis­fac­to­ry le­vel of re­lia­bi­li­ty, al­though of cou­rse no one is in­fal­li­ble. If you co­me across a mis­take or mis­re­pre­sen­ta­tion, I ask for hu­man un­der­stan­ding - I al­so h­ave the right to ma­ke a mis­ta­ke.

t the end, I would like to make it clear that all des­crip­tions on this web­si­te are sub­jec­ti­ve and not scien­ti­fic. I am not a his­to­rian and I do not in­tend to pre­tend to be an au­tho­ri­ty. The pur­po­se of this pu­bli­ca­tion is to in­te­rest you in the sub­ject mat­ter, en­cou­ra­ge you to vi­sit the cas­tle and - no doubt - to sa­tis­fy my ego. I sin­ce­re­ly in­vi­te you to read it.


Jacek Bednarek - author


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10.09.2019 castle in Szymbark

The cas­tle was pro­bab­ly built in the 1370s by the pa­rish priest of the Po­me­za­nian cha­pter Hen­ry of Ska­rlin. An in­scrip­tion in the form of gla­zed ce­ra­mic ti­les pla­ced a­bo­ve the en­tran­ce to the court­yard in­for­med a­bout the foun­der of this be­au­ti­ful brick strong­hold. Its text was as fol­lows: HEC PO­RTA CON­STRUC­TA EST AN­NO DO­MI­NI MCCCLXXXVI TEM­PO­RE FRA­TRIS HEN­RI­CI DE SKA­RLIN PRE­PO­ZI­TI, which can be tran­sla­ted as: The ga­te was e­rec­ted in the year of our Lord 1386 un­der the reign of bro­ther Hen­ry of Skar­lin - the pre­fect. So­me hi­stor­ians, ho­we­ver, pre­sent a slig­htly dif­fe­rent o­pi­nion... more

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29.08.2019 castle in Stara Kamienica

Among his­tor­ians and re­se­ar­chers of the Lo­wer Si­les­ian past, the­re is an o­pi­nion that in the pla­ce whe­re the re­mains of an old sto­ne fort­ress are lo­ca­ted to­day, one of the for­ti­fied set­tle­ments de­fen­ding the Si­les­ian-Czech or Czech-Sa­xon bor­der may ha­ve exis­ted al­re­a­dy in the 11th or 12th cen­tu­ry. Pre­su­ma­bly at the be­gin­ning of the 13th cen­tu­ry, the set­tle­ment was trans­for­med in­to a wood­en-earth cas­tle for the needs of Prin­ce Hen­ry the Pious, and then han­ded o­ver by Bo­les­law II Ro­gat­ka as a he­re­di­ta­ry fief to­get­her with the vil­la­ge of Chem­ni­ce and se­ven fields of land to the cas­tel­lan Si­bot­ho Schof... more

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20.08.2019 castle in Lipa

The me­die­val cas­tle in Li­pa in its ori­gi­nal Got­hic form was pro­bab­ly built at the turn of the 14th and 15th cen­tu­ries, al­though re­se­ar­chers are di­vi­ded on this is­sue, da­ting the ti­me of its con­struc­tion from the end of the 13th to the be­gin­ning of the 15th cen­tu­ry. We do not know the foun­der of this bui­lding - it is as­su­med that it was cre­a­ted on the ini­tia­ti­ve of a re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve of one of the Si­le­sian knigh­tly fa­mi­lies - but so­me want its ge­ne­a­lo­gy to be con­nec­ted with the ac­ti­vi­ties of the Tem­plar Or­der, which af­ter the fall of the King­dom of Je­ru­sa­lem mi­gra­ted to Eu­ro­pe, in­clu­ding Si­le­sia... more

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7.08.2019 castle in Golancz

The first writ­ten men­tion of Go­lanch da­tes back to 1222, when it ap­pe­a­red in do­cu­ments as a vil­la­ge pay­ing tit­hes to the Cis­ter­cian mo­nas­te­ry in Lek­no. In the 14th cen­tu­ry, du­ring the reign of Wla­dys­law Lo­kie­tek, the set­tle­ment be­lon­ged to the no­ble fa­mi­ly of Pa­lu­ki and pro­bab­ly one of its re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ves built a small for­ti­fi­ca­tion on the banks of La­ke Smo­la­ry. This foun­da­tion is u­su­al­ly at­tri­bu­ted by his­to­rians to the bis­hop of Wlo­cla­wek, Ma­ciej Pa­lu­ka, al­though it can­not be ex­clu­ded that the nep­hew of this dig­ni­ta­ry, who in­he­ri­ted the es­ta­te from him, To­mis­law of Go­lancz, a Ka­lisz jud­ge, was in­vol­ved... more

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21.07.2019 castle in Radzyn Chelminski

In the early Mid­dle Ages, on the tra­de rou­te from Gru­dziadz to Go­lub the­re was a small woo­den cast­le in the vi­ci­ni­ty of the pre­sent-day Ra­dzyn, pro­bab­ly in­ha­bi­ted by pa­gan Prus­sians from the Po­me­za­nian tri­be. Ac­cor­ding to 'Roczniki' of Jan Dłu­gosz, in 1015 the Po­lish Du­ke Bo­les­law Chrob­ry was to pass through the si­te on his way to Osa ri­ver, in who­se ri­ver­bed wood­en pi­les we­re sup­po­sed­ly ham­me­red in to mark out the bor­ders of the Chel­mno Land. In the 12th cen­tu­ry, the vil­la­ge of Ra­sin func­tio­ned in this pla­ce, and next to it the cast­le be­lon­ging to the Ma­zov­ian voi­vo­de Krys­tyn... more

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13.07.2019 castle in Prochowice

According to one source, the buil­der and first in­ha­bi­tant of the for­ti­fied cast­le in Pro­cho­wi­ce was Iko von Par­chwitz, the court­ier of Prin­ce Bo­les­law Ro­gat­ka and his long-ti­me com­pa­nion. Ot­her his­to­ri­cal stu­dies sug­gest, ho­we­ver, that the men­tio­ned cast­le was on­ly a small woo­den de­fen­si­ve strong­hold and the pro­per foun­der of the brick com­plex they de­fi­ne Ste­fan von Parch­witz - grand­son of Iko, who in 1305-42 ma­na­ged the town. Ste­fan's son, Pe­ter von Parch­witz, sold his fa­mi­ly es­ta­te to the Du­kes of Leg­ni­ca in 1383: Rup­recht, Wac­law and Hen­ryk, who be­fo­re 1400 sold it to Ot­to the Ol­der Zed­litz... more

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11.07.2019 castle in Jawor

At the end of the 13th cen­tu­ry, Ja­wor be­ca­me one of the new­ly cre­a­ted cen­ters of po­wer in the strong­ly par­cel­led Lo­wer Si­les­ia, pro­mo­ting in 1274 to the ca­pi­tal of a se­pa­ra­te prin­ci­pa­li­ty, which by the gra­ce of Bo­les­law the Bald was ta­ken o­ver by his son Hen­ry V. In 1280 Bol­ko I the Se­ve­re took o­ver the le­ga­cy of his brot­her. Re­se­ar­chers at­tri­bu­te to him the ef­fort of buil­ding a new de­fen­si­ve head­quar­ters, erec­ted on the si­te of a small re­si­den­tial to­wer built in the 20s of the 13th cen­tu­ry, per­haps foun­ded by the Du­ke Hen­ry the Be­ar­ded. The first de­fen­si­ve com­plex, pro­bab­ly still e­quip­ped with woo­den or woo­den-ground for­ti­fi­ca­tions... more

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2.07.2019 castle Rogowiec

The beginnings of the Rogowiec castle probably date back to the last two de­ca­des of the 13th cen­tu­ry and are com­mon­ly as­so­cia­ted with the foun­da­tion of Bol­ko Se­ve­re, the ru­ler of the Du­chy of Swid­ni­ca and Ja­wor. Si­tu­a­ted high in the moun­tains on a hard to reach rock, the de­fen­si­ve sys­tem was to ser­ve to streng­then the su­pre­me au­tho­ri­ty in ve­ry spar­se­ly po­pu­la­ted moun­tain a­re­as, to­get­her with the for­tres­ses of Grod­no, No­wy Dwor, and Ra­dos­no it al­so for­med a li­ne of for­ti­fi­ca­tions a­long the sout­hern, still then con­ven­tio­nal, bor­der of the prin­ci­pa­li­ty. It is worth men­tio­ning that in the Mid­dle Ages a tra­de rou­te... more

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20.06.2019 castle Radosno in Rybnica Leśna

There is no certainty regarding the time of the construction and the founder of the sto­ne cas­tle in Ryb­ni­ca Les­na. This in­vest­ment is ge­ne­ral­ly con­nec­ted with Bolko I, Duke of Swid­ni­ca and Ja­wor, al­though ac­cor­ding to some historians this region in the first half of the 14th century be­lon­ged to the Lu­xem­bourg go­vern­ment, and the for­tress was built by the Czechs as a counterbalance to the ne­ar­by Ro­go­wiec for­tress be­lon­ging to the Si­le­sian principality. In 1350 the castle, mentioned as Vredinberg das Haus, be­ca­me, to­get­her with the as­so­cia­ted es­ta­tes: Mieroszow, Unislaw Slaski, Golinsko, Rozana, Kowalowa and So­ko­low­sko... more

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12.06.2019 castle in Poznan

In the first centuries of the former state, the city of Poznan developed on the right bank of the Warta River, around the fortified seat of the prince, formed in the 10th century in the north-western part of the cathedral island. The oldest wooden castle, was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, and it probably ended in the second half of the 13th century as a consequence of changes in the political-administrative organisation of the re­gion, as a result of which the left-bank part of the town took over the dominant function. This dominance fol­lowed gradually with the development of settlement transformations after Przemysl I... more

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